The simulation method of teaching refers to a model that represents a real classroom but the learning takes place in a virtual atmosphere. It tests the knowledge and skill levels of the participants by placing them in situations and scenarios where they must solve problems actively. To create a safe environment, the parameters are defined by the instructor to foster hands-on learning experiences. Shannon states “Simulation is the process of designing a model of a real system and conducting experiments with this model for the purpose of understanding the behavior (with the limits imposed by a criterion or set of criteria) for the operation of the system”.

Types of Simulation Method Of Teaching

Live Simulation

Live simulation involves actual people and equipment who interact in a real-world setting. Just as in the real world, the simulation runs in real-time. Learning value in live simulation depends on the sophistication of the simulated equipment.

Virtual Simulation

Virtual simulation includes simulated people and equipment in a computer-simulated setting. It runs in simulated time which allows learners to practice specific activities.

Immersive Simulation

In an immersive simulation, several learning objectives are addressed at once and real people interact with simulated people in a simulated environment to develop particular skills.

System Simulation

System simulation helps one to understand system relationships and strategy development. In this type of teaching, simulated people use simulated equipment in a simulated environment.

Advantages of Simulation Method of Teaching

Develops Self-Confidence

Simulated training helps teachers and students in various ways but it mainly helps them in developing their self-confidence and building their self-esteem.

Links Theory With Practice

This method of teaching also links theoretical knowledge with practical knowledge to ensure that the learned material is not forgotten.

Critical Analysis

This method of teaching also allows students and teachers to study critical problems in teaching and learning and encourages them to analyze the same.

Develops Social Skills

This method helps students and teachers to develop social skills such as social etiquette and manners. Students can also receive feedback to modify their behavior whenever needed.


In simulated training, there is also the presence of self-monitoring which reinforces the student and teacher to elicit the desired behavior.

Disadvantages of Simulation Method of Teaching


In this method, role-playing takes place in an artificial atmosphere which can be impractical.

Impact on Seriousness Of Learning: Simulation can be regarded as a sort of virtual gaming and this can reduce and impact the seriousness of learning negatively.

Lack of Emphasis

This method mainly focuses on social behavior due to which not much emphasis is laid on the content or the teaching skills.

Requires Supervision

This method requires the supervision of a professional and not all of them may be devoted to their duties. Sometimes, they may not be available either.

False Perspective

In this method, real-life situations are portrayed in a simple manner, and in reality, they may be entirely different and more complex.

According to Shumucker (1999),

“simulations are very useful because they help students explore new concepts and gain an understanding of the interplay between related complex phenomena. Simulations typically incorporate free-play environments that provide the learner with experience in understanding how a set of conditions interact with each other.”