Reading is one of the most important skills in language learning. It is a passive process because it is most receptive. Efficient reading can be equivalent to self-education which is essential for the modification and enhancement of personality.

Silent Reading

Silent reading is often regarded as the best type of reading mainly because it engages the mind of the reader completely. Once children have mastered loud reading and have gained proper fluency and command over the language, they must be encouraged to read silently. Morrison states,

“Loud reading by students should be followed by silent reading.”

Mehta adds,

“We all read faster than we speak and children must be initiated into the silent reading habit as early as possible.”

Ryburn states,

“The aims of silent reading are pleasure and profit; to be able to read for interest and to get information.”

Objectives of Silent Reading

  1. To encourage learners to read silently without making noise to avoid disturbing others.
  2. To encourage the learners to read faster, more easily, and fluently.
  3. To encourage the learners to not just read but also comprehend the ideas and meanings of the text.
  4. To expand the vocabulary of the learners.
  5. To help learners enjoy reading and recreate themselves.

Loud Reading

Loud reading is also referred to as oral or aloud reading. It should be conducted once the learners have been given a few training and have been taught about intonation, stress, pronunciation, pitch, and other aspects of spoken English.  Ryburn states that loud reading is important, “To test the pupils’ knowledge of English words and phrases and whether they know how to pronounce them, how to phrase words, how to articulate

clearly. That is, reading aloud is a test as well as a practice.”

Objectives of Loud Reading

  1. To encourage the learners to read with intonation, correct pronunciation, articulation, stress, pause, pitch, rhythm, and pace.
  2. To encourage the learners to read with expressions.
  3. To encourage the learners to understand the meaning of spoken words, sentences, and phrases.
  4. To test the knowledge of the learners’ English words and phrases and to test their pronunciation as well.
  5. To develop an interest among learners in silent reading.

Reading has the power to broaden our outlook and train our minds as well. Reading is the linguistic skill that requires the most amount of attention and concentration. There are two main types of reading which include silent reading and loud reading.

What is the Meaning and Object of Reading Aloud and Silent Reading in Learning English Language