Back to: Learning and Teaching – Unit 2
Vygotsky’s Theory of Cognitive Development
According to Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory, cognitive abilities are gained through social guidance and construction. The development and formation of abilities like memory, learning, problem-solving, and attention take place through the role of culture as a mediator. His approach to child development can be considered as a social constructivism form. He believes that social interactions produce cognitive functions.
Vygotsky’s cognitive development focuses on child-centered learning in the classroom. This theory believes that cognitive functions are facilitated by social interactions due to which learners need to engage in the same. Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory enables learners to gain skills such as
- Problem solving
- Self determination
- Critical thinking
- Learning by discovery and exploration.
Weaknesses of Vygotsky’s Theory
The weaknesses of Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development are as follows:
Lack of Empirical Evidence
Many researchers state that the theory lacks empirical evidence.
Offers Limited Solutions
The theory is learner-centered due to which individuals with complex problems may not receive proper guidance.
Lack of Conscious Awareness
The theory fails to take conscious awareness into account and acknowledge its importance.
Not a Scientific Approach
Due to the lack of objective methods used in the approach, it is considered unscientific.
The theory is regarded to focus too much on positivity due to which it may not be highly realistic.
Ignores biological factors
Biological factors are not taken into account in this theory of learning.
Ignores life span changes
The changes that occur throughout one’s life span are not taken into account in this theory.
Vygotsky’s theory believes that cognitive functions are facilitated by social interactions due to which learners need to engage in the same.