Back to: Learning and Teaching – Unit 2
Cognitive learning is the emergence of thinking and understanding ability. It refers to the way individuals think, explore, and observe the things around them. Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner are considered to be the two most renowned educational psychologists who have hugely contributed to the field of cognitive psychology. According to Jean Piaget ,
“Cognitive development is a progressive reorganization of mental processes as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience.”
Different Characteristics of Cognitive Learning Strategies
Cognitive learning is characterized by the following factors:
Use of memory
Cognitive learning is mainly related to the use of memory. Memorization of new knowledge and information is encouraged.
Use of Repetition
Cognitive learning includes the use of repetition. Any new knowledge that has been learned needs to be repeated and recapitulated for proper memorization.
Use of Imagination
Cognitive development is also characterized by the use of imagination as it encourages the learners to imagine the things that are being taught in the class.
Cognitive development enables learners to be active listeners due to which it is also characterised by auditory processing.
The cognitive learning process is highly interactive as it encourages interaction between the teacher and the learner.
Cognitive development of a learner is determined by his or her level of comprehension of what is being taught in the classroom.
Facilitates new language learning
Cognitive development can enable learners to gain a better and quicker undertaking of a new language.
These are some of the most important factors that characterize cognitive learning.