M. Driscoll states that learning is,

“A persisting change in human performance or performance potential…[which] must come about as a result of the learner’s experience and interaction with the world.”


J B Hough and James K Duncan assert,

“Teaching is an activity with four phases, a curriculum planning phase, an instructing phase, and an evaluating phase.”

Learning is the foundation of an individual’s development and it needs the aid of teaching to be effective. Teaching without learning, on the other hand, is ineffective.

Assumptions and Beliefs about Teaching and Learning in Education

The assumptions and beliefs about teaching and learning in education are as follows:

All Learners Are Same

Many teachers assume that all learners have the same ability and level of learning but it is important to remember that different learners have different abilities which is important to consider when teaching.

Teachers Know Everything

Learners grow up assuming that their teachers know everything but teachers only impart the knowledge they possess.

Teachers Are Always Right

Just as any other human being, teachers may make some mistakes sometimes. It is important to remember they are humans too.

Learners Are Keen To Learn

Do not assume that learners have a natural interest in learning. As teachers, it is important to develop an interest in learning in learners.

Learning Should be Teacher-Dominant

Learning should be learner-centered and not teacher-centered so that the focus can be on the development of learners.

Curriculum Stays the Same

The curriculum does not always stay the same. It keeps getting updated and in time, one has to adapt to these changes.

Learning Must Be Book Based

Bookish knowledge is important but at the same time, learners should be encouraged to learn by discovery and innovative methods for instruction must be employed by the teacher to teach learners in creative ways.


Teaching and learning is a process that involves an instructor who imparts knowledge and learners who acquire the knowledge being imparted.

Assumptions beliefs
Assumptions and Beliefs about Teaching and Learning in Education