Definition of Humanistic Theory
Humanistic approach to learning refers to the theory that puts focus on encouraging learners to develop an interest towards educating themselves. The theory was propounded by Abraham Maslow and other proponents. He is regarded as the father of Humanistic Psychology. He emphasizes experiences in the study of human behavior and learning. The approach involves the observation of the behavior learners and the outcome of the behavior.
Educational Implications of Humanistic Theory
The implications of humanistic theory in teaching and learning are as follows:
Foster The Development of Learners
Teachers must focus on all the round development of learners. Instructional methods should be such that it is comprehensible to learners and fosters their growth and development.
Instead of adopting extrinsic teaching methods, teachers should adopt intrinsic teaching methods so that the teaching learning method can be student centered.
The knowledge being imparted to learners must be applicable in real life situations. They should be able to relate the lessons being taught with real life situations.
Learning by Discovery
The instructional method being used by the teacher in the classroom must facilitate learning through discovery.
The teaching learning method should be student-centered and they should also be included in the evaluation process for self actualization.
The curriculum should be based on the interest of the learners and should focus on their overall development. Their personal experiences and knowledge must be taken into account.
Use of Experiments and Discovery
Since the humanistic approach to learning focuses on learning by discovery, experiments should be implemented in the curriculum to facilitate the same.
The humanistic approach to learning is a learner centered method. Learners must always be encouraged to develop a self interest in learning.