The behaviorist approach to learning was propounded by B.F. Skinner who states that,
“Learning is a function of change in behavior.”
According to this theory, behavior is learned through the environment and behavior results from stimulus response. The behaviorist approach to learning refers to the learning that is achieved through environmental interaction.
Educational Implications of Behaviorism
The application of behaviorist approach in the classroom setting should take place as follows:
- Teaching is key in engineering the learning environment.
- The teacher should note that learning is not new knowledge but acquired new behaviour.
- The teaching environment shapes the behaviour of a learner.
- Students should be given positive reinforcement by teachers to motivate learners.
- Teachers should not give too much negative reinforcement to the learners while teaching.
- Learners should be motivated and encouraged by the teachers so that they enjoy and take interest in learning.
- The positive behaviour of learners in the classroom must always be rewarded by teachers.
According to the behaviourist approach, these are the features that should characterize the classroom environment.