Ivan Pavlov was a Russian psychologist who discovered the classical conditioning theory which means learning through association. The process involves two stimuli which are linked to arouse a response from a person or an animal which is learned.
Three Stages of Classical Conditioning Theory
There are three stages of classical conditioning which are as follows:
Before Conditioning (Stage 1)
This stage involves a natural response or an unconditioned response of an organism produced by an unconditioned stimulus. The organism produces an unlearned response.
During Conditioning (Stage 2)
This stage involves a stimulus that produces neutral or no response and is associated with an unconditioned stimulus which then becomes conditioned stimulus.
After Conditioning (Stage 3)
In this stage, the conditioned stimulus associates with the unconditioned stimulus to produce a new conditioned response.
The first psychologists who applied classical conditioning’s principles to human behavior were Watson and Rayner to learn more about the development of different phobias.
Educational Implications of Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning Theory of Learning
There are three stages of classical conditioning which are Before Conditioning (Stage 1) which involves a natural response or an unconditioned response of an organism produced by an unconditioned stimulus. The organism produces an unlearned response. The second stage is During Conditioning (Stage 2) which involves a stimulus that produces neutral or no response and is associated with an unconditioned stimulus which then becomes conditioned stimulus. The final stage is After Conditioning (Stage 3) in which the conditioned stimulus associates with the unconditioned stimulus to produce a new conditioned response.
The educational implications of Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory are as follows:
Reward and Punishment
When children receive a reward for an accomplishment, they feel motivated to become better.
The teacher can use the classical conditioning method to eliminate superstitious beliefs children may hold.
Facilitates Language Learning
The classical conditioning can be helpful in teaching languages in the classroom.
Helps to Adjust
The classical conditioning method helps children to adjust in a new environment comfortably.
The classical conditioning theory also facilitates the development of positive attitudes among learners and the elimination of negative attitudes.
The classical conditioning theory is also useful for emotional development as it arouses feelings of happiness, joy, fear, and more in the classroom.
The classical conditioning theory facilitates the use of creative instructional methods like the use of audio visual aids which can make the classroom environment more engaging and encouraging.
For the teaching learning process to be successful, motivation is necessary. Therefore, it is important to take the above points into consideration when using the classical conditioning method in the classroom.