Vygotsky theory of cognitive development educational implications 


According to Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory, cognitive abilities are gained through social guidance and construction. The development and formation of abilities like memory, learning, problem solving, and attention take place through the role of culture as a mediator. His approach to child development can be considered as a social constructivism form. He believes that social interactions produce cognitive functions.

Educational Implications

The educational implications of Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory are as follows:

Learning is Child-Centered

Vygotsky’s cognitive development focuses on child centered learning in the classroom.

Learners are active

In the classroom application of Vygotsky’s cognitive theory, learners play an active role instead of a passive one.

Social interactions are important

Vygotsky’s theory believes that cognitive functions are facilitated by social interactions due to which learners need to engage in the same.

Learning by discovery

Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory also focuses on learning by discovery and exploration.

Focuses on knowledge improvement

Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory enables learners to gain skills such as problem solving, inquiry, self determination, and critical thinking.

Challenging tasks are included

Vygotsky’s theory also believes in the provision of challenging groups tasks that are cooperative and collaborative.

Fosters The Development of Learners

Teachers must focus on all the round development of learners. Instructional methods should be such that it is comprehensible to learners and fosters their growth and development.


Vygotsky’s theory puts emphasis on social interactions for new knowledge and behavior to be learned.

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