Learning refers to the acquisition of skills and knowledge through experience and study. It is the acquisition of new knowledge, understanding, skills, and behavior. According to Robert Gagne, learning is a,

“A change in human disposition or capability that persists over a period of time and is not simply ascribable to processes of growth.”

Learning as Construction of Knowledge and Transmission and Reception of Knowledge

Continuous Process

Learning is a never ending process and it takes place from birth to death. Hence, it is a continuous process.

Goal Oriented

Learning is a goal oriented process. It is concerned with achieving goals. It enables one to receive knowledge and accomplish their goals.

New Knowledge

Teachers impart new knowledge and information to the learners for their proper development.

Transmission of knowledge

Teachers transmit their knowledge to the learners to enable them to grow and develop.

Works as Catalyst

The knowledge is transmitted from the texts and experiences from teacher to the learner.

Reception of knowledge

Learners receive the knowledge that is being imparted to them by the teachers.


Learners listen to the teachers and what is being taught. This allows them to receive knowledge. They can ask queries if they have doubts which helps them to construct their knowledge.

Use of previous knowledge to create new knowledge

The previous knowledge of learners are used to create and construct new knowledge.


Susan Ambrose states that learning is,

“A process that leads to change, which occurs as a result of experience and increases the potential of improved performance and future learning.”

Learning Construction of Knowledge
Learning as Construction of Knowledge and Transmission and Reception of Knowledge