Self-efficacy is an important factor in theories of motivation. Self-efficacy is an individual’s belief in his or her capability to develop habits that are necessary to achieve the desired performance. It is the confidence that a person has in their ability of learning. People with high self-efficacy may fail but they bounce back from it and don’t give up. They know how to handle such situations responsibly rather than regretting what has gone wrong. No matter what, they are confident about achieving their desired task in the future.
How does Self-Efficacy Affect Motivation?
Self-efficacy and motivation go hand in hand. Motivation is the desired goal an individual wants to achieve whereas self-efficacy is the belief by an individual that he or she will achieve the desired goal. People with high self-efficacy have high motivation to keep learning and making progress in their life.
How does Self-Efficacy Support Learning?
Students with high self-efficacy have an interest in learning new things and like to challenge themselves. They also know how to deal with failures and come back stronger. These students set high goals for themselves and work towards achieving them no matter what it takes. They are motivated to achieve their goals and keep working towards doing so. No matter how long it takes to reach their desired goal, they remain consistent in the learning process. Similarly, students with low self-efficacy try to avoid what challenges them and are not serious about achieving their goals. They lack the enthusiasm and motivation that students with high self-efficacy tend to have.
How can Students have High Self-Efficacy?
A student can have high self-efficacy based on the following:
Teachers expectations from the student
A teacher’s belief in the student’s abilities can play a key role in increasing their efficacy level. Students look up to their teachers and if the teacher believes in the student, he or she will have faith in their capabilities.
Positive feedback from teachers
If the teacher gives good feedback to the student for accomplishing something then they will be encouraged to keep doing better and achieving more. They will be more interested in learning new things and challenging themselves with various tasks.
Support from peers
The support that a student gets from his or her friends also plays a significant role in increasing their self-efficacy. The individual will want to keep working harder and put greater effort into learning and achieving the goals.
A person who is motivated to achieve more for himself or herself works hard for it and is likely to achieve their goals. As a result, that learner will have a higher level of self-efficiency.