Language is a means of communication. It includes the four skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. With these skills, we develop the ability to communicate effectively.
Attention refers to the ability to be able to concentrate or focus on one thing or task at a time.
Memory refers to knowledge that is stored in the mind. Our brains store many memories. Memories allow people to recall and recollect objects, information, and situations and react to them.
It includes new information and old information that enables the brain to make sense of a situation, process and perceive them, and respond to them. It includes smell, touch, sight, and hearing.
Learning refers to the acquisition of new knowledge and information. It blends the previous knowledge with new knowledge for better functioning of the brain.
Higher reasoning involves skills such as making decisions, planning and organizing your schedule, planning, plotting, problem-solving, and reasoning.
These are the six different and most common types of cognitive processes for learning. Jerome Bruner researched the cognitive development of children and identified three stages of representation namely, the enactive stage, the iconic stage, and the symbolic representation stage.