Howard Gardner proposed the Theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1983. According to Gardner, there are eight types of intelligence a person possesses: Linguistic, Logical-mathematical, Spatial, Musical Intelligence, Bodily-kinesthetic, Naturalistic, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal Intelligence.
Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences
The eight different types of Intelligence by Gardner are:
Verbal-linguistic intelligence, “word smart”
gather information and use their knowledge to produce creative written work or for oral speaking.
Logical-mathematical intelligence, “maths smart”
This is when a person is good at logic games, can detect patterns, can do calculations, and solve abstract problems.
Visual-spatial intelligence, “picture smart”
This includes people that are good at visual representation. They look at objects from a different point of view and have the ability to form mental images to produce creative work.
Musical intelligence, “music smart”
This involves people that are good at composing, directing, writing, and creating music, and those good at playing instruments.
Naturalistic intelligence, “nature smart”
It is the ability of a person to identify and differentiate among the various types of plants, animals, earth, and weather formations present in the world.
Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, “body smart”
It is the ability to use one’s body to express emotions, create products or solve problems.
Interpersonal intelligence, “people smart”
It is the ability to interact and communicate with others. People that are good at noticing and understanding other people’s moods, desires, motivations, and intentions.
Intrapersonal intelligence, “self smart”
It is the people’s ability to recognize and acknowledge one’s feelings, emotions, allowing for self-reflection and awareness.
Applying Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom
Gardner’s Theory of Intelligence has proved to be very helpful in the educational system. The theory of Multiple Intelligences is considered to be an important one in classroom learning. Gardner’s Theory encourages teachers to use different methods and activities so that it interests all the students. There are several benefits of using Gardner’s Theory in the classroom:
- It shows the students that each of them is intelligent in their ways. Each student is seen as intelligent in the areas where their strength lies. It will help build confidence in the students and increase their self-esteem.
- This theory helps the students figure out their abilities. They can understand what are their strengths and weaknesses and work towards improving in the areas they are lacking.
- Teachers will be able to figure out each student’s interests and talents. They’ll know which student has what potential and encourage them to keep doing better in that area.
- Students will have a positive learning experience and teachers too will have a great teaching experience.
- Students will learn to manage their learning and value their abilities. They will learn how to make smart decisions and solve problems responsibly.
Using Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences, students will be able to excel in many areas instead of one. Students will be more open to challenges and learning new things. This will motivate the students to put more effort and keep working harder in life.