Metacognitive Strategies for Language Learning

Metacognition refers to how individuals think and how they learn. It involves self-reflective questions which give an insight into the process of the learner’s thinking such as how they learn, how they think, and where they want to be. Metacognition fosters self-awareness, problem-solving and enables learners to have control over their learning. Metacognition enables learners to be strategic in their approach to learning. Through metacognition, learners will be able to acknowledge what they already know, what they need to work on, and what is the best approach they can adopt to gain new learning and knowledge.

Effective Metacognitive Teaching Strategies to Facilitate Learning

The most effective strategies that facilitate learning are as follows.

Use Previous Knowledge

Learners can go through a lesson before it is taught in the classroom to test what they already know about the topic. It will help them learn about the questions and doubts about the topic as well.

Ask questions

Learners need to go through the topic that is being taught and ask self-reflective questions so that they can comprehend the lesson that is being better.

Be Introspective

Learners need to be introspective when they are learning a new topic and put up queries so that they can gain more knowledge about the topic that is being taught.

Write More

Writing is extremely crucial for organizing one’s thoughts and this can help learners to assess their knowledge. This enables learners to identify the things they know and the things they don’t.

Think Aloud

Learners can interact more with their friends, classmates, and even their teachers about a topic they are interested in and learn more about it. When you think the information aloud, it will help you to remember it better.

Preview Your Syllabus

Ahead of attending lessons in the classroom, learners can preview the syllabus materials and go through the topics they will be dealing with.

Test Yourself

Instead of waiting for exams to arrive, learners need to do some self-assessment and take a self-test to analyze how much they have progressed.

These are the most effective metacognitive teaching strategies that facilitate learning which enables learners to understand their learning abilities even more.

Define Metacognition and Its Concept. Discuss the Function and Elements of Metacognition for learning and teaching in the classroom.