Steps, Procedure and Uses of Achievement Test B.Ed Notes

According to F.S. Freeman,

“A test of educational achievement is one assigned to measure knowledge, understanding or skills in a specified subject or a group of subjects.”

Achievement tests refer to tests that are used by teachers to measure or test the achievements and success of the learners which are achieved in any particular field. Garrison, Kingston, and McDonald (1955-1964: 331) opine the definition of achievement,

“as the progress pupils make toward the goals and objectives of the curriculum, they then assert further about the definition that achievement may be the one’s ability or the extent of his/her knowledge in a specific content area.”

Achievement tests can be classified into the following:

Standardized Test

Any test which follows a certain standard against which learners are tested.

Teacher Made Test

The type of test that is self made by teachers according to their norms and standards.

The various characteristics of achievement tests are as follows:

1. It identifies and explains reasons for performing tests.

2. It evaluates the validity, reliability, and practicability of the tests.

3. It enables teachers to communicate clearly with learners and it enables a learner to communicate clearly with their peers.

4. It exposes the problematic areas of learners and enables teachers to overcome the same.

5. It enables the teacher to assess the performance of a learner in theory as well as in practical.

6. It motivates the learner to pick up and work on a new assignment.

7. It provides educational guidance through the assessment of the capabilities of the learners.

Steps and Procedures of Achievement Tests

The steps and procedures of achievement tests are as follows: 

1. Planning for the test

2. Preparation of a design for the test

3. Preparation of the blue print

4. Preparing Preliminary draft

5. Item analysis, editing the draft, and trying it out 

6. Preparing the final draft

7. Establishment of Standardization

Achievement tests are designed to measure acquired knowledge or skills. R. L. Ebel states,

“An achievement test is one designed to measure a student’s grasp of knowledge or his proficiency in certain skills.”