Stages of Group Processes & Development: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, Adjourning

Keith Davis states,

“The social process by which people interact face to face in small groups is called group dynamics.”

It deals with the slight modifications that occur in the behavioural patterns and attitudes. The same may result from adjustive changes that are to be made within a group.

The importance of group processes and group dynamics are as follows:

1. Group members can also find inspiration and be influenced by other group members.

2. A group with a positive energy is also able to produce more effective and beneficial results.

3. Group dynamics and processes can also give many members job satisfaction.

4. The productivity can be maximised if the group works cohesively and there is cooperation.

5. Labor unrest can also be eliminated through the application of group dynamics and group processes.

The various types of group processes and group dynamics are as follows:


The first types of group processes and group dynamics are forming. It consists of members who are either looking for a work assignment or other qualities such as affiliation, status, power, and the like. During this stage, members are engaged and have apathy.


It is concerned with the creation of dyads and triads. Members try to look for other individuals who share mutual interests for sharing of the self at a deeper level. In this type, a common phenomenon is pairing.


In norming, the task performance gets more serious concern. Other members of the group are seeked out by the dyads and triads. Various norms for performance of the task are established.


It is a fully functional group and members get involved in a task by feeling like they are an important part of the group. To ensure effectiveness and efficiency of the group, collective pressure is applied along with following the group norms. It also establishes and nurtures the long term viability of the group.


It refers to the creation of temporary groups when there is a limited task that needs to be performed. It can be a task force, a project team, and the like. Since some members may mourn the dissolvement of the group, it is also referred to as mourning.

These are the various types and importance of group dynamics and group processes.

Types of Group Processes and Group Dynamics
Types of Group Processes and Group Dynamics With Stages