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Main Types of Evaluation in Education with Examples
Evaluation refers to a systematic process of determining the extent of the achievement of the instructional objectives. It is a systematic process which includes steps such as collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information to check how much the students have achieved instructional outcomes. It is a board term which involves the academic as well as the non-academic achievements of the learners.
The different types of evaluation are as follows:
Formative evaluation is the type of evaluation which is done during the teaching process. Its main aim is to offer continuous feedback to the student as well as the teacher. This enables one to make modifications in the instructional process if there are any requirements. It takes into account those units of the curriculum which are smaller and independent and through tests, the learners’ performance is evaluated. Formative evaluation is effective for making changes and timely corrections among the learners and teaching methodology.
Summative evaluation refers to the evaluation which is conducted towards the end of the academic session. It takes into account the achievements of the outcomes and the overall personality development of the learner at the academic session’s end. It takes a broad aspect of learning into account.
Prognostic evaluation refers to the assessment that includes the prediction of a learner’s future career through the means of estimation.
It is a type of pre-evaluation which allows teachers to assess the strengths, weaknesses, knowledge, and skills of the learners before starting the teaching learning process.
Quantitative evaluation refers to the use of scientific measurements and tools and includes the results which can be measured and counted. Few techniques and tools involved in quantitative evaluation are oral, written, and performance tests.
Qualitative evaluation refers to an observation that is made using all the five senses and includes value judgment.
Evaluation is a process which judges the learning level of the learners and shows the shortfalls of the learners. It is a system which is graded and product-oriented.