Components, Advantages and Disadvantages of Observation Schedule

Observation schedule refers to a form that is prepared before the collection of data which is used for delineating the behaviour and situational features that need to be observed and recorded during the observation. Observation schedules may differ on a quantitative as well as a qualitative continuum. It is a method where data is collected by the observer in the field through observation. 

Types of Observation Schedule

There are various types of observation schedule which are as follows: 

1. Structured and unstructured observation 

2. Controlled and uncontrolled observation 

3. Participant and nonparticipant observation 

Components of Observation Schedule

The components of an observation schedule are as follows: 

1. An observation schedule must include items that are relevant to the objectives of the survey as well as the research questions. 

2. It must be appropriate for the environment and for the culture.

3. It should not require any effort other than observation.  

4. It can be completed within the deadline of the survey. 

5. It is clearly formatted and there is space to write observations. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Observation Schedule

Advantages Disadvantages 
1. It is a comparatively cost effective method It can be time consuming as it requires more time
2. The technique of observation be stopped and can be started any time  Extensive training is required 
3. Subjects are usually available for observationThere is always a likelihood that the observer may have missed out various personal behaviours during the observation 
4. The information obtained by the researcher is current information If the observation requires a lot of resources, it can get quite expensive 
5. The results are reliable and based on scientific observation There is a chance that the observer may lose interest in the concerned project after a certain point of time 
Advantages and Disadvantages of Observation Schedule


According to Waxman, & Padrón (2004), the Student Behavior Observation Schedule (COS) is,

“a low inference observation instrument that specifically focuses on the behaviors of individual students in classrooms.