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Definition of Assessment & Evaluation in Education by Different Authors with Its Characteristics
Definition of Evaluation
“Evaluation is the collection, analysis and interpretation of information about any aspect of a programme of education, as part of a recognised process of judging its effectiveness, its efficiency and any other outcomes it may have.”Mary Thorpe
2. “Evaluation is the systematic collection and inter- pretation of evidence leading as a part of process to a judgement of value with a view to action.”Beeby
“Evaluation is the application of a standard and a decision-making system to assessment data to produce judgments about the amount and adequacy of the learning that has taken place.”Fenton (1996)
Definition of Assessment
1. “Assessment refers to a related series of measures used to determine a complex attribute of an individual or group of individuals. This involves gathering and interpreting information about student level of attainment of learning goals.”Brown
2. “Assessment is the collection of relevant information that may be relied on for making decisions.”Fenton (1996)
3. “Assessment for learning is ongoing, and requires deep involvement on the part of the learner in clarifying outcomes, monitoring on-going learning, collecting evidence and presenting evidence of learning to others.”Anne Davies (2000)
Characteristics Of Assessment and Evaluation in Education
1. They aim to enable the instructors to determine how much the learners have understood what the teacher has taught in the class and how much they can apply the knowledge of what has been taught in the class as well.
2. There are standardized tests involved in the process of measurement assessment and evaluation to enable the students to make better use of the data available in the daily classroom.
3. The basic purpose of both measurement assessment and evaluation is to determine the needs of all the learners.
4. Measurement assessment and evaluation also enables educators to measure the skills, knowledge, beliefs, and attitude of the learners.
5. Measurement assessment and evaluation helps the teachers to determine the learning progress of the students. Without measuring and evaluating their performance, teachers will not be able to determine how much the students have learned.
Assessment refers to the process of collecting information that reflects the performance of a student, school, classroom, or an academic system based on a set of standards, learning criteria, or curricula. Evaluation is a process which is continuous as well as comprehensive and involves all the tasks of education and not merely tests, measurements, and examination.