Purpose, Aims and Objective of Assessment and Evaluation in Education

Assessment refers to the process of collecting information that reflects the performance of a student, school, classroom, or an academic system based on a set of standards, learning criteria, or curricula. Measurement refers to a process through which a learning phenomena, context, or experience is translated into  a set of numerical variables that are representative. 

The main aims and objectives of assessment and evaluation in education are as follows: 

  • 1. It aims to enable the instructors to determine how much the learners have understood what the teacher has taught in the class and how much they can apply the knowledge of what has been taught in the class as well. 
  • 2. Another aim is that the standardized tests involved in the process of measurement assessment and evaluation enable the students to make better use of the data available in the daily classroom.
  • 3. The basic purpose of both measurement assessment and evaluation is to determine the needs of all the learners.
  • 4. Measurement assessment and evaluation also aims to enable educators to measure the skills, knowledge, beliefs, and attitude of the learners.
  • 5. Measurement assessment and evaluation also aims to help the teachers to determine the learning progress of the students. Without measuring and evaluating their performance, teachers will not be able to determine how much the students have learned.
  • Evaluation involves all the tasks of education and not merely tests, measurements, and examination. It goes beyond these things and although it depends on measurement, the two terms are not synonymous. Measurement explains a situation and evaluations describes the judgment of its worth and value. Without evaluation, measurement is quite meaningless because evaluation adds a little significance to it. 
  • Assessment is essential for the mental as well as academic development of the students as it keeps the record both in written and data measuring way.

Evaluation is a process which is continuous as well as comprehensive and measurement is a quantitative assessment of instructional outcomes. Measurement makes a quantitative determination of an individual’s performance and evaluation makes a qualitative determination of the individual’s performance. Assessment involves the qualitative and quantitative information.