Compare and Contrast Formative and Summative Evaluation in Curriculum Development B.ED Notes

Formative EvaluationSummative Evaluation
A program or course is often developed or improved while undergoing formative review.Summative evaluation entails making assessments of a program’s or course’s effectiveness at the end of it.
Formative assessments are tests and quizzes that gauge a student’s progress as they go through a course.Summative evaluations are tests and quizzes that gauge how much knowledge a student has acquired throughout the course.
In the curriculum, this means that throughout a course, formative assessments are conducted.Summative tests, however, serve as the course’s final evaluations.
Formative Evaluation is a collection of formal and informal assessment techniques used by teachers during the learning process. It is a step in the educational process that teachers take on to improve student comprehension and competency through adjustments to the teaching and learning processes.Summative assessments are used to evaluate students and place a strong emphasis on outcomes. It is a component of the grading system that is periodically administered to the participants, typically at the end of the course, term, or unit. The goal is to assess the pupils’ knowledge, or how well they comprehended the subject that was taught to them.
Formative assessment aims to give teachers and students honest, in-depth feedback about how well the students are performing and learning. It is an ongoing process that looks at students’ needs and development as they learn.Summative evaluations look at how well a course or program is working, how well students are learning, etc. scores, grades, or percentages are obtained to serve as an indicator of the caliber of the curriculum and as the foundation for school rankings.
Formative assessment entails a variety of evaluation techniques that offer the necessary data to modify instruction during classroom activities.Summative assessment is described as a criterion for assessing pupils’ knowledge.
Regular use of formative evaluations is key to their success. A schedule (every Monday, every Thursday, etc.) or your teaching materials could serve as the basis for that consistency (every unit).
They offer more flexibility than summative evaluations. To gauge your students’ development, you don’t necessarily have to use pen and paper. Instead, you can assess students’ progress through in-class games, group projects, and practical exercises.
Except in cases where a teacher decides to divide a course into more manageable sections, summative exams are nearly usually given at the end of the course. They are frequently cumulative and are employed to gauge a student’s capacity for long-term memory.
The formative assessments you choose to use are ultimately up to you. Since you are the only one who truly understands your classes. Therefore, you can use a group-style evaluation like a sport if you’d like to gain a general idea of how well your children are progressing. You can utilize a personal assessment, such as a quiz, to find out where each student has difficulties.You might include problems from the initial week or two of a course in summative assessments like last examinations to make sure students remember the foundational material. Your pupils can apply knowledge from a whole marking period to a topic in additional evaluations like papers.
Formative evaluation takes place regularly, either quarterly or monthly.Summative Assessment, on the other hand, only happens at predetermined times, typically towards the completion of the term.
In contrast to summative assessment, the formative evaluation does not compare student performance to a standard or rubric, hence its results are not graded. Instead, formative evaluations concentrate on getting useful input that might enhance the student’s educational experience.Validity, dependability, variety, and usefulness are attributes of summative assessment. Summative evaluation is a structured, straightforward approach to knowledge-based evaluation. This means that the evaluation always concludes with a succinct explanation of the findings.
Formative assessment evaluates students as they are learning, as opposed to summative assessment, which waits until the end to evaluate students. Another benefit of formative evaluation is that it enables adjustments to the instructional strategy as student learning progresses.Summative evaluations yield predictable findings, making them ideal for grading. Summative evaluation techniques, in contrast to formative assessment techniques, are intended to yield comparable findings when used in comparable situations. Formative assessment techniques are specifically customized to the needs of the pupils.
The teacher may assign visual drawings or a written description of a lecture theme or subject as a formative evaluation.Arranging an end-of-term recital or performance for a course and standardized entrance tests like the SAT, IELTS, and A-levels are examples of summative evaluation.
Formative and Summative Evaluation

Formative Evaluation

Formative evaluation is conducted and practiced through developing the course. It is a kind of evaluation practice in which teacher uses this practice to analyze the performance of each student. It is mainly performed nowadays to evaluate every student’s strengths and weaknesses so that teaching learning process could be accomplished. In current scenario, formative evaluation does not only pave a way for evaluation but it also provides the students an opportunity to take feedback from their teachers. In this evaluation, grades are not given so that students can confidently build relationship with learning process. For example, the discussions and short quizzes. 

Summative Evaluation 

In the current scenario, summative evaluation is also prevalent. In this type of evaluation, the evaluation is taken place at the end of the course to evaluate the overall learning achievement. The academic learning achievement is evaluated in the summative evaluation. It is done at the end of the curriculum to look at the conclusive result and outcome of the total teaching-learning process.

Assessment refers to the process of collecting information that reflects the performance of a student, school, classroom, or an academic system based on a set of standards, learning criteria, or curricula.

Formative assessment is the type of evaluation which is done during the teaching process. Its main aim is to offer continuous feedback to the student as well as the teacher. This enables one to make modifications in the instructional process if there are any requirements. It takes into account those units of the curriculum which are smaller and independent and through tests, the learners’ performance is evaluated. Formative assessment is effective for making changes and timely corrections among the learners and teaching methodology.  Summative assessment refers to the evaluation which is conducted towards the end of the academic session. It takes into account the achievements of the outcomes and the overall personality development of the learner at the academic session’s end. It takes a broad aspect of learning into account. 

Formative Assessment Summative Assessment 
1. It is an ongoing activity. It is a one-time activity. 
2. It takes place not just once but several times during the learning process. It takes place at the end of the learning process and not during it. 
3. The main aim is to monitor and evaluate the progress of the learner. The main aim is to evaluate the achievements of the learners. 
4. It monitors learning to offer ongoing feedback that can improve teaching and learning. It evaluates learning at the end of an academic session to compare the learner’s score against a standard. 
5. It assesses smaller content areas. It assesses the understanding of complete chapters or bigger content areas. 

Assessment is a quantitative measurement of instructional outcomes. It makes a quantitative determination of an individual’s performance