Meaning, Types and Characteristics of diagnostic test in Education B.ED Notes
“Evaluation is the systematic collection and inter- pretation of evidence leading as a part of process to a judgement of value with a view to action.”
Diagnostic evaluation is a type of pre-assessment which allows teachers to assess the strengths, weaknesses, knowledge, and skills of the learners before starting the teaching learning process.
Characteristics of Diagnostic Evaluation
The characteristics of diagnostic evaluation are as follows:
1. It is a type of pre-evaluation.
2. It enables the teacher to assess the learner’s performance.
3. It is concerned with the past and present performance of the student.
4. It allows the teacher to assess their instructional methods.
5. Through this evaluation, teachers can understand the effectiveness of their teaching.
Types of Diagnostic Evaluation
The various types of diagnostic evaluation are as follows:
Formative evaluation is the type of evaluation which is done during the teaching process. Its main aim is to offer continuous feedback to the student as well as the teacher. This enables one to make modifications in the instructional process if there are any requirements. It takes into account those units of the curriculum which are smaller and independent and through tests, the learners’ performance is evaluated. Formative evaluation is effective for making changes and timely corrections among the learners and teaching methodology.
Summative evaluation refers to the evaluation which is conducted towards the end of the academic session. It takes into account the achievements of the outcomes and the overall personality development of the learner at the academic session’s end. It takes a broad aspect of learning into account.
It is standardized and given across a school, district or state to measure student progress through a curriculum.
Diagnostic assessment is used to determine the current level of knowledge and skill of a learner. It is used at the initial point to get a glimpse into the learner’s stage of learning.