what are the Principles, Strengths and Weaknesses of Symbolic Interactionism

What are the principles, strengths and weaknesses of symbolic interactionism

Sociology as an education studies humans and the various activities done in society. It studies human interaction and human relations. The most essential function of education is socialization. The process of socialization is the process of education. Socialization makes an individual ready for the world and helps in one’s personal growth.

Symbolic interactionism focuses on social interaction inside and outside the classroom. Social interaction in schools widely impacts the development of children. It also deals with the teacher’s expectations on the students abilities and their influence on the student’s performance. It states that people construct their own reality. Interactions help in shaping individuals experiences and behaviour. 

Principles of Symbolic Interactionism 

  • i). Using symbols while communicating and interacting. 
  • ii). Having self awareness and self realization. 
  • iii). Develop positive intentions and proper behaviour in children.
  • iv). Society is the result of everyday human interactions.
  • v). Deals with social interactions and the interpretations humans make based on it. 
  • vi). There is a unique relationship between an individual and society. 

Strengths of Symbolic Interactionism

  • i). The theory focuses on relationships between people and a person’s behaviour. 
  • ii). Understand how social interaction is done by activities of everyday life.
  • iii). Recognizes the fact that reality keeps changing.
  • iv). It acknowledges everyone’s individuality and opinions. 
  • v). Symbolic interactionism understands that nobody is right or wrong as everyone has their own point of views and opinions.

Weaknesses of Symbolic Interactionism 

  • i). It lacks the macro level of social interpretation. 
  • ii). Sometimes symbols while interaction may be interpreted wrong.
  • iii). Individuality in society may lead to problems as everyone is entitled to their own opinion. 
  • iv). It neglects the emotional aspects of humans and only focuses on logical behaviour.
  • v). It does not include outside influence of social structures.

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