Influence of schools of philosophies on aims of education

Education is necessary for every individual in life. It helps one in adopting acceptable behaviour and understanding their role in the society. One brings positive changes in themselves and the society by the education they receive. It is through education that an individual learns discipline and the basic etiquette needed to behave as a responsible citizen of the society. The values, beliefs, culture, religion, etc that have been followed since generations are transmitted to the next through education. 

Philosophy and education are closely related. The term philosophy has been derived from two Greek words- Philo means “love” and Sophie means “wisdom”. Philosophy means love of wisdom. Education is a part of philosophy. Education and philosophy differ in nature. While education is practical, philosophy is theoretical. Education is a planned activity with aims and goals of its own. As said by Thomas Ogwara,

“Philosophy points out to the society what. . . is to be achieved through education.”

Philosophy helps in determining how the goals can be achieved. Philosophy sets goals and education works on fulfilling them. The aims of education depend on the aim of life. Philosophy is crucial in education as well as in life. 

Influence of Schools of Philosophies on Aims of Education

1). Foster moral and ethical values to the children for the welfare of the society. 

2). Help children understand and value the traditions, culture and heritage of the nation. 

3). Guide the educators in using the methods of teaching to educate the learners. 

4). Philosophy helps the education system to catch up with the changing world and bring the necessary changes needed.

5). It suggests the values, morals, customs, beliefs, and traditions to be followed in life.

6). It helps to determine what should be the aims of education. 

7). Philosophy answers the questions of life and clarifies the issues on education. 

8). Philosophy provides direction and guidance to education. 

Types of Philosophies 

I). Modern Philosophy of Education 

i). Progressivism: This philosophy deals with the interests, needs and experiences of students. It emphasises on real life problem solving and the development of individuals.

ii). Reconstructionism: This philosophy deals with addressing social issues such as inequality and bringing changes for the improvement of society.

iii). Essentialism: This philosophy states that there are certain skills and knowledge that needs to be possessed by every individual such as reading and writing.

iv). Eclecticism: Through this approach in education, the students can learn through various styles and teaching techniques which are eventually beneficial for the teaching learning process in education.

II). Traditional Philosophy of Education

i). Idealism 

ii). Naturalism 

iii). Realism 

iii). Pragmatism 

iv) Perennialism– This philosophy suggests that nature is constant and topics that have been relevant and meaningful over time. It focuses on transmitting information and knowledge from one generation to another.

Philosophy helps widely in determining the education system. It benefits the teachers in teaching and the students in learning. Philosophy is wisdom and education helps in passing on the wisdom to the next generation and so on.