Back to: Educational Studies UGC NET – Unit 1
Discuss Principles of Yoga Education in Sankhya Philosophy B.Ed Notes
Sankhya philosophy is the oldest of the philosophical schools and the most important in the East. The Sankhya philosophy was founded by Sage Kapila. Sankhya is a dual school of philosophy which consists of matter (Prakriti) and souls (Purusha). The philosophy states that the two differ from each other. True knowledge is being able to distinguish between Prakriti and Purusha. Purusha is consciousness. It is the knowledge gained through one’s own experience in life. Prakriti is nature which is eternal. It consists of three gunas (qualities), which are:
This is the highest of the three gunas. It is the principle of goodness, integrity and positivity of the person. Sattva is considered as the highest traits which a human being can possess. It is included on one’s life through satvic food, behaviour, charity and other traits.
It is the principle of activity, enthusiasm and ability to perform well. Rajas principle is based on the rewards and appreciation comes along with fulfilling the basic duties of human life.
It is the principle of darkness, laziness and negativity. Tamas is the lowest of all principles which needs to be improved and taken towards Satvic traits.
According to Sankhya Philosophy, these three gunas are possessed by each individual in different amounts. Each person experiences these qualities at different times in their life. This philosophy states that a person who masters in handling all these qualities at the right time, will achieve success.
Principles of Yoga Education in Sankhya Philosophy
i). Physical Development
Physical development is important to live a comfortable life. Yama, Niyama, Asan and Pranayama are the four yoga lifestyles to keep the body fit and healthy. To prevent pain and suffering, humans should follow a proper diet, do proper exercise, sleep early and wake up early.
ii). Emotional Development
It is the development of both body and mind. Loving oneself and thinking positively of one’s own self will lead to emotional development. A man must trust, believe, and have faith in himself and his potential. Emotional development will help in overcoming sadness, sorrow, and misery.
iii). Spiritual Development
Spiritual development leads to self realization and knowing oneself well. It will help in living a healthy, positive, balanced and meaningful life. One will understand how life should be lived with peace and harmony. Individuals will be aware of their thoughts, words and actions with others and towards the environment. Spiritual development is essential in living a happy, content and fulfilling life.