Teacher education refers to the training of teachers and it is level-specific. It includes teacher training programs that vary based on the needs of pre-primary, primary, secondary, higher education, and vocational education. For classroom transactions, specific strategies and methods are used at different levels. When it comes to teacher education programs, there is no uniformity in the country as the content and the process of the program varies from state to state.
There are five main types of teacher education which are as follows:
Pre-primary teacher education
There are various types of pre-primary teacher training courses such as Kindergarten, Pre-basic, Montessori, and the like. Higher secondary is the minimum qualification required for admission to the course and the duration is one year. It is usually conducted by the state government and some institutes may impart the training for a duration of two years.
Primary teacher education
The Five-Year Plans have led to the expansion of primary training courses to a large scale. The minimum qualification for the entrance of this test is matriculation and the duration of the course is two years. Presently, the minimum qualification of entrance is higher secondary.
Secondary Teacher Education
Graduate teachers are prepared by training colleges for teachers of secondary and higher secondary classes. It mainly stresses the principles and methodology of teaching leading to a B.Ed degree. The course lasts for a duration of one year and the minimum entrance qualification is graduation.
In education, higher education are of four types which include a one-year M.Ed course, two-year M.A. in Education, two-year Ph.D. course after the completion of M.Ed or M.A. in Education, or a post-graduate Diploma in some field of education after B.Ed.
Vocational Teacher Training
To train teachers in technical subjects, specific training courses are organized. To prepare specialized teachers, there are various courses and institutions.
These are the various types of teacher training courses and one has to complete either one of the courses to become a professional and well-trained teacher.