W.H. Kilpatrick states,
“Teacher education encompasses teaching skills, sound pedagogical theory, and professional skills.”
Teacher education can be regarded as a continuous process and it is broad and comprehensive. According to the International Encyclopedia of teaching and teacher education (1987), the pre-service and in-service components of teacher education are complementary to each other. Teacher education refers to empowering learning platforms for the teachers for an efficient way of teaching.
“Teacher is the most important element in any educational program,”
The establishment of quality education is determined by the determination of a teacher. The teachers are required to acquire adequate knowledge, skills, interest, and the right attitude towards the teaching profession. Their work has been more complex regarding new theories of psychology, philosophy, sociology, modern media, and materials. Therefore teacher education is a program that enables the teachers to be well equipped for their profession.
Structure Of Teacher Education (NCERT & NCTE)
The structure of teacher education is multidimensional and multi-layer. India has revised the structure of teacher education several times. However, currently, there are two main types of teacher education programs which are as follows:
Pre-service Teacher Education
It refers to the program that prepares teachers to teach from pre-primary to higher education level before joining the professional field of teaching. It is the first phase of teacher education and is imparted in formal and informal modes too. There are two main types of pre-service teacher education programs which are as follows:
- General teacher education
- Physical teacher education
In-service Teacher Education
It refers to the program which is related to the professional development of teachers who have already entered the professional field of teaching. It is imparted in formal as well as informal mode and is a short-term course. In-service education includes the following programs:
- Induction program
- Refresher course
In-service and pre-service teacher education are the two main types of teacher education programs in India. However, there is a lack of quality and uniformity in the programs at different levels across India. In-service programs receive less focus and the pre-service programs must be minimized to improve quality and increase productivity.
Read Complete Course of Teacher Education- Click here