Pre-service teacher education refers to an educational program that prepares and trains freshers for the professional field of teaching. It helps in crucial learning and enables future teachers to develop a holistic learning environment for learners. It offers knowledge, attitude, and skills so that the teachers can conduct classes effectively.
It includes the education of teachers before they enter into service as professional teachers. Pre-service teacher education facilitates learning among teachers or individuals who want to enter into the professional field of teaching. It is the specialized application of skills, knowledge, and attributes that are designed to offer unique services to meet the educational needs of society and of the individual too.
India now follows a general ten-years school system which is divided into three stages including preschool education, elementary education, and secondary education. Pre-service teacher education prepares fresher teachers for the teaching profession. The program helps in crucial learning and it is best suited for individuals who want to further their professional careers in the education and academic field.
Aims of the Pre-Service Teacher Education Program
The main aims of the pre-service teacher Education program are as follows:
- To promote teachers as agents of the modern world in the educational industry.
- To make teachers sensitive toward the protection of human rights.
- To enable teachers to develop managerial and organizational skills.
- To enable teachers to become committed and competent full-time teachers.
- To enable teachers to develop all the necessary skills required to be efficient teachers.
- To develop critical awareness about the social realities among teachers.
- To encourage teachers to develop rational thinking.
- B.ED is done by individuals to become trainer teacher of adolescence age students.
- B.EL.ED and ETT is done for elemantary education specialization.
Problems of Pre-Service Teacher Education Programme
The main problems of the pre-service teacher Education programs are as follows:
Lack Of Facilities For Professional Development
Some institutions may have inadequate resources and facilities necessary for the successful completion of the pre-service teacher training course.
Lack Of Regulations
There may also be a lack of regulations to check on the disciplinary actions of the pre-service teachers under training.
Some pre-service teachers may have a negative attitude towards the training as they may have entered the course without any consideration of personal interest.
Lack Of Motivation
Lack of secure employment opportunities after the completion of the pre-service training course may also lead the teachers to lose motivation to complete the course.
Lack Of Monitoring
There is a lack of monitoring efforts when it comes to teacher-education institutions across India due to which there may be a negative impact on the quality of training.
Eisner (1992) stressed,
“preservice teachers are socialized into the profession through continuous contact with teachers for about 15 years before starting to teach.”
Kansanen (1991) observes,
“Prospective teachers have first observed teaching during their 12 years at school and after that a few more years while studying practicing.”