Learning disabilities refers to some brain conditions that cause problems and difficulties when a person is processing and comprehending some information. It can also be termed as learning disorders. The term is used to denote intellectual disability. It is an umbrella term which refers to the incomplete development of skills such as language, academic, and speech.
Types of Learning Disabilities
The different types of learning disabilities are as follows:
It refers to a disorder of language processing which causes difficulty in comprehension, reading, grammar, and writing. Dyslexic people may face problems decoding words, identifying sounds, and the like. For example, people with dyslexia may be extremely slow in reading.
It refers to a disorder related to mathematical calculations. Individuals suffering from dyscalculia may face problems with numbers, reasoning, and concepts. They may not be able to tell the time, identify patterns, solve math problems, count money, and the like. For example, people suffering from dyscalculia may not be able to tell the accurate time.
Individuals with dysgraphia may have problems with translating their thoughts into drawing or written form. People with dysgraphia are also characterized by poor handwriting. They may not be able to spell words correctly. Their grammar may be poor and they may have problems with critical thinking, writing, vocabulary, and the like. For example, people suffering from dysgraphia may have bad handwriting.
Learning disability, therefore, refers to the inability to learn certain speech, academic, and language skills crucial for the development of an individual.