Teaching and learning is a process and not a product. Learning takes place throughout one’s life even when they are not in school. Learning is the acquisition of new knowledge, understanding, skills, and behaviour. According to Robert Gagne, learning is

“A change in human disposition or capability that persists over a period of time and is not simply ascribable to processes of growth.”

Teaching is the process of teaching or giving instructions to another individual or person. It is the process of imparting knowledge. Clerk states, Clerk:

“Teaching refers to activities that are designed and performed to produce in students behavior.”

Nature and Components of Teaching and Learning Process

The nature and components of teaching and learning process in education are as follows:

Professional Activity

The teaching learning process is a professional activity where the student or learner receives guidance from a trained teacher.


The teaching and learning process involves a lot of communication and therefore, it is only successful when there is proper interaction between the learner and the teacher.

Interactive Process

The teacher gives information to the students and the learners acquire the information. The teaching process involves active interaction between the learner and the teacher.

Organized System

The teaching learning process takes place in an organized manner in a professional location.

Overall Development

The teaching learning process helps in the overall development of a learner.

Continuous Process

The teaching learning process is never ending and it takes place from birth to death. Hence, it is a continuous process.

Absence of Discrimination

In the teaching learning process, there is no discrimination of a person on the basis of race, color, sex, or any other criteria. It is a universal process.


It is important for teachers to keep all of these components and nature in mind to make the teaching learning process effective.