Jean Piaget is referred to as the father of cognitive development. He was a Swiss psychologist who observed the intellectual development of children during childhood. According to him,
“Cognitive development is a progressive reorganization of mental processes as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience.”
He studied the intellectual development of his three children.
Educational Implications of Piaget’s Theory
The application of Piaget’s theory of cognitive development theory in classroom should be done as follows:
- Based on the developmental level of children, the curriculum should provide the required educational experience.
- Classroom activities that encourage and assist self learning must be incorporated.
- Practical learning situations must be included in the class.
- Co-curricular activities that enhance children’s cognitive development must be given equal importance as curricular activities.
- The teaching method must be simple to complex and the inclusion of the project teaching method is recommended.
- Children learn and think differently from adults therefore, they should be taught accordingly.
- The discovery approach to learning must be emphasized.
These are the classroom applications of Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. It is important to remember that major education goals are equal to critical and creative thinking.