Childhood is the state of being a child which usually refers to the period between infancy and adolescence. The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 states,
“a child is a person who has not completed 14 years of age.”
It is important to understand that the socio-cultural context plays a significant role in child development and learning.
Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Development and Learning
The reasons why socio-cultural context influence children’s development and learning are as follows:
- The socio-cultural background of an individual determines how he or she interacts with the world and how fast he or she can learn.
- The socio-cultural context can influence learners and the interaction they have can lead them to become either fast learners or slow learners.
- Children go through varied experiences during the stage of development which depends on the society and culture they belong to.
- The sociocultural context also influences the quality of learning and the quality of education children receive.
- Children belonging to a poor socio-cultural background may not be able to make their own decisions and may lack confidence.
- The sociocultural background of a child also affects the way they interact with the world and form relationships with others.
- A child belonging to a sociocultural background may lack self esteem and may not be willing to have new experiences.
Socio cultural context plays a highly influential role in determining the efficiency of a child’s development and learning.