Introduction

Childhood is the state of being a child which usually refers to the period between infancy and adolescence. The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 states,

“a child is a person who has not completed 14 years of age.”

It is important to understand that the socio-cultural context plays a significant role in child development and learning.

Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Development and Learning

The reasons why socio-cultural context influence children’s development and learning are as follows:

  1. The socio-cultural background of an individual determines how he or she interacts with the world and how fast he or she can learn.
  2. The socio-cultural context can influence learners and the interaction they have can lead them to become either fast learners or slow learners.
  3. Children go through varied experiences during the stage of development which depends on the society and culture they belong to.
  4. The sociocultural context also influences the quality of learning and the quality of education children receive.
  5. Children belonging to a poor socio-cultural background may not be able to make their own decisions and may lack confidence.
  6. The sociocultural background of a child also affects the way they interact with the world and form relationships with others.
  7. A child belonging to a sociocultural background may lack self esteem and may not be willing to have new experiences.

Conclusion

Socio cultural context plays a highly influential role in determining the efficiency of a child’s development and learning.