Back to: Learning and Teaching – Unit 1
Howard Gardner is an American psychologist who propounded the theory of multiple intelligence which suggests that there is not one but various types of intelligence. It challenges the old belief that there is only one type of intelligence.
Advantages of Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory
The advantages of Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory are as follows:
- It enables children with different abilities to succeed.
- It enables teachers to understand the varying interests, talents, and needs of students.
- It increases the involvement of parents in the learning process of learners.
- It enables students to demonstrate their strengths and weaknesses.
- It enables students to solve problems and have a positive attitude towards learning.
Disadvantages of Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory
The disadvantages of Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory are as follows:
- Many psychologists believe that the theory does not have enough empirical evidence.
- Some critics consider his multiple intelligence theory to be too broad.
- It may not be possible to teach students according to their intelligence type.
- The theory only takes talents and abilities into account.
- It may be impractical to take every student’s intelligence type into account.
Although Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory is renowned, many critics disregard it on the grounds of lack of empirical evidence.