Learning Disability

Learning disability is an umbrella term which refers to the incomplete development of skills such as language, academic, and speech. Specific learning disability refers to some neurodevelopmental disorders which may affect three main domains of learning  – writing, reading, and mathematics.

Difference Between Learning Disability and Specific Learning Disability

The difference between learning disability and specific learning disability are as follows:

  1. Specific learning disability is associated with a particular diagnosis while learning disability is not associated with a particular diagnosis.
  2. Learning disability impacts the intellectual ability of an individual whereas specific learning disability does not affect the intellectual ability of an individual.
  3. Learning disability is a general term for learning problems while specific learning disability is an umbrella term for a particular diagnosed learning disability.
  4. The American term for specific learning disability is the same whereas learning disability is referred to as intellectual disability.
  5. Specific learning disability is specific whereas learning disability is not specific.
  6. A particular disability is diagnosed as a specific learning disability whereas it is not the case in learning disability.
  7. The intellect of a person can be harmed by a learning disability but not by a specific learning disability.


Although specific learning disabilities and learning disabilities are often viewed as the same concepts, these are the characteristics that differentiate them.