Adolescence is generally considered as the period between childhood and adulthood. The term adolescence is derived from the Greek word ‘adolescere’ meaning ‘to grow to maturity’. According to Kulhen,
“Adolescence may be defined as the transition period between childhood and adulthood.”
Main Problems of Adolescence Period
Many psychologists view adolescence as a period surrounded by stress. Kilpatrick opined that adolescence is the most difficult stage while Anna Friend stressed adolescence as a period of serious conflict. The main problems of the adolescence period are as follows:
- Emotional instability is prevalent during adolescence. The rapid physical changes in the nervous system, endocrine system, and more leads one to feel emotionally disturbed.
- During the age of 13-14, adolescents may face sex problems which may subside by 17-18 years of age.
- During adolescence, some adolescents may also indulge in toxic substances and criminal tendencies are heightened.
- Adolescence can be a period of identity crisis where adolescents are confused whether they are a child or an adult.
- Due to the emotional instability during adolescence, the behaviour of adolescents may not seem reliable.
- Adolescence is a period of constant confusion and adolescents tend to be confused about their role.
- Emotional development is rapid during this stage due to which they start exhibiting jealousy, annoyance, anger, and more.
- During the 12-14 years of age, adolescents may start acting rebellious in front of their parents.
- Adolescents may dwell a lot on imagination and the goals they set during this period may be unrealistic.
- Adolescents form various bad habits such as self assertion, impatience, mismanagement, and the like.