Causes, Effects and Solutions of global warming on the environments 

Global warming is the long-term rise of the temperatures on the Earth’s surface. It is caused by human activities such as burning of fossil fuels, and industrial release of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. Global warming is becoming a serious threat for human beings and the environment every passing year.  

Causes of Global Warming 

The main causes of global warming include the following: 

• Deforestation

Deforestation means cutting down trees of our natural forest. It is the removal of trees for using that land for some other human purpose. Deforestation has lead to increasing amount of air pollution in the earth’s atmosphere. 

• Industries and Factories 

Factories and industries are one of the major cause of air pollution as it releases chemicals such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and organic compounds. This pollutes and degrades the quality of the air which causes global warming. 

• Mining Activities

In mining, the natural minerals are extracted from the earth’s surface using heavy and large equipments. The dust from the ground as well as other chemicals released makes the air extremely polluted leading to global warming. 

• Automobiles

Transportation is done everyday, everywhere in various ways. The gases emitted from vehicles like cars, buses, trucks, etc severely pollutes the air and environment. This as well makes up for another cause of global warming. 

• Agriculture

Agricultural activities produce carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere increasing the temperature of earth. This is another cause of global warming. 

Effects of Global Warming 

The effects of global warming are as follows: 

• Rising Temperatures 

The main effect of global warming is the increasing rise of earth’s temperature. This has lead to rising sea levels, melting of glaciers, unpredictable weather conditions, etc. 

• Natural Disasters 

Due to global weather, natural disasters such as floods and droughts have beenoccurring more frequently.

• Extinct of Species 

Due to the rising temperatures of global warming, species that cannot adapt in warm temperatures are going extinct. Global warming has also led to the loss of many animals and plants. 

• Climate Change 

Global warming causes climatic imbalance due to the release of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere. It has lead to uneven weather patterns and unbearable hot temperatures. 

• Disruption of Food Chain 

Global warming affects fertile lands and causes floods that reduce net crop yields ultimately leading to food chain disruption. Global warming also results in the early maturation of crops which is unhealthy. 

• Spreads Diseases 

Due to the changing weather conditions of heat and humidity, diseases by misquotes are likely to spread more. 

Solutions of Global Warming 

Some of the essential solutions of global warming are the following: 

• Reforestation or Afforestation 

Reforestation or afforestation means planting more trees. This can help in reducing the chances of global warming. If there are more trees and forest, there is lesser air pollution as it stands as a protection. 

• Avoid Burning of Fossil Fuels 

One major cause of global warming is the burning of fossil fuels. Hence, it should be controlled and practiced in lesser numbers.

• Using Fuel-Efficient Vehicles

Vehicles is an important element of humans daily life as transport is done for several reasons everyday. Vehicles are the most common form of transport done in various forms such as cars, buses and jeeps. People can opt for fuel-efficient vehicles which will release less greenhouse gases and reduce the occurrence of global warming. 

• Use of Clean Energy Resources

Using solar, wind and geothermal energies greatly controls pollution of air and highly reduces the chances of global warming.