What is the difference between natural hazards and disasters With examples.
Natural hazards is the threat of a natural occurrence on the society and environment. It is a natural environmental phenomena and not caused by humans. It has a negative impact on the environment and human health.
Natural disasters is the catastrophic events actually occurring which was a threat earlier. It damages and causes harm to the society severely in many ways. These events are highly harmful for the society and human life.
Difference between Natural Hazards and Natural Disasters
Both natural hazards and natural disasters are harmful for the environment and humans. However, there are differences between the two and what distinguishes them are as follows:
1). Natural hazards are situations that are dangerous and causes a threat to human life. Disasters are events that actually cause damage to the community and human life.
2). Natural hazards are less critical than natural disasters. Natural disasters are way more critical and catastrophic compared to natural hazards.
3). Natural hazards take longer time to form and occur, after a series of events. Natural disasters happens in a short time leaving large mess behind.
4). Natural hazards are risky and dangerous situations which pose threat to humans. Natural disasters is when the hazard occurs in real and causes damage to property and human life.
5). Natural hazards are less disastrous in nature whereas the nature of natural disasters are more ruinous in nature.
6). The outcomes of natural hazards is less whereas the outcomes to be faces of natural disasters is more severe and harmful to the whole community or society.
7). Natural disaster is the consequences of hazards itself and while natural hazards can be predicted, natural disasters cannot be predicted.
8). Natural hazards has warnings to it so humans are aware of it but natural disasters occur suddenly as the outcomes of hazards due to human ignorance or negligence of warning signs.
9). Hazards usually occur at places with less population whereas disasters mostly occur at places with huge population.
10). Small amount of people are affects by natural hazards while not the other hand natural disasters cause harm to a large amount of people.
Examples of Natural Hazards
There are geophysical hazards and biological hazards. The geological examples of natural are droughts, floods, dust storms, heavy rain and snow, landslides, and wildfires. Biological hazards are diseases and infections caused in humans.
Examples of Natural Disasters
Examples of natural disasters are cyclone, tornado, earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic eruption, landslides, avalanche, droughts, and floods.