What are the Salient Features and Objective of Environment Protection Act 1986?

what are the salient features and Objective of environment protection act 1986?

The environment protection Act was established in 1986 for the protection and improvementof the environment and issues related to it. The act was passed to protect the environment against all kinds of pollution, i.e., air, water, noise, and soil pollution. It aims to protect human beings, animals, plants and the overall ecosystem from environmental hazards. 

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy of 1984 is what encouraged the Indian government to pass the Environment Protection Act of 1986 for the protection of environment. The roots of the act lies in the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972. 

Salient Features of Environment Protection Act, 1986

The salient features of the environment protection act, 1986 are:

• To prevent, control, and reduce pollution of the environment.

• To implement the decisions made at the Stockholm Conference. 

• To work towards improving and protecting the environment from all types of pollution. 

• To encourage sustainable development of the environment. 

• Enacting laws for the protection of the environment. 

• Launch nationwide programs to fight and prevent environmental pollution. 

• Penalties for offences by companies and government departments. 

• All organisations and companies have to follow the imposed standards of pollution discharged and procedures of handling hazardous substances. 

Objectives of Environment Protection Act, 1986

The Indian government introduced the Environment Protection in 1984 for safeguarding the environment after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy on 2 December 1984. The objectives of the environment protection act, 1986 are as follows: 

• The main goal of this act is to improve the quality of the environment by reducing pollution. 

• To carry out the decisions of the UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972. 

• To establish government environmental laboratories. 

• No individual or organisation shall emit any environmental pollutant in excess of the prescribed standards.

• To conserve and preserve the natural resources and the natural environment. 

• To promote sustainable development by encouraging the use of renewable energy resources. 

• To safeguard and protect the environment from from degradation and further deterioration. 

• To set up a government body that looks after the industries and controls their impact ofpollution on the environment

• To provide measures for the protection of the environment and improving the environmental condition. 

• According to the law, those individuals or organisations causing harm to the environment is liable to be punished and receive penalty. 


Hence, the Environment Protection Act was passed on in 1986 encouraged by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, in 1972. The Indian government saw the importance of launching this act to protect and safeguard the environment after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy of 1984 that shocked the nation and took many lives and houses. This act covers the protection of the environment against all forms of pollution which are water, air, noise, soil pollution. The main aim of this act is that every citizen should protect and improve the environment and safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.

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