What is the role of students and teachers in Communicative Language Teaching? 

What Is Communicative Language Teaching and Its Objectives?

A language is a powerful tool that bridges the gap between two entirely distinct communities and cultures. In this globalized world, becoming a part of the development stream is effortless if you have command over different languages. Languages and particularly English, play a crucial role in establishing a connection in social as well as professional fields.

Communicative language teaching is primarily considered a tool that assures the learning of any language through communication. It is a learner-centered approach that tries to establish real-life scenarios to make them understand the role of communication in representing themselves. The best aspects of this learning method are that it considers errors to be part of the natural process.

Since the 1970s, communicative language teaching has evolved as a primary teaching methodology. There are certain benefits of the CLT training style.

  • Along with reading and writing, CLT also plays an integral role in developing certain proficiency in listening and speaking.
  • It engages the beginners in various realistic and practical usage of different languages.
  • When scientific ways are considered, CLT tries to enhance the productivity of the languages.
  • The real-life scenarios have practical significance in understanding the language in different contexts.
  • This approach tries to enhance the fluency of the students and allow them to communicate freely.

Principles of Communicative Language Teaching:

Communicative language teaching works on some basic principles like,

  • · Learner autonomy
  • · Curricular integration
  • · Social nature of learning
  • · Diversity of learning practices
  • · It views teachers as co-learners
  • · Focus on meaning instead of traditional definitions
  • · High-order thinking skills
  • · Alternative assessment practices

Role of Teachers in Communicative Learning Teaching:

Source – Pexels

It is essential to learn the role of instructors and schools in the overall development of children. Language is the essential criterion that represents the early development of a child, and the significance of teachers in this entire developmental process is applaudable. Have you ever thought about how teachers are being trained?

In various courses like B. Ed, M. Ed, and Pedagogy, it is a must to have exceptional skills that help them to interact with the students. CLT is a primary project that helps teachers to follow a rational approach rather than a traditional one that focuses on grammar and accuracy. Teaching becomes even more critical when students find themselves in a more practical and real-life scenario. 

In the present educational system, teachers are more likely to play the role of an individual who facilitates learning and acts as socializing agent. In this context, modern education is not restricted to basic learning practices but also demands practical demonstrations of skills to enhance the comprehension of the students.

Indeed, in the CLT style of teaching, educators have two crucial roles.

First, to facilitate an ideal communication environment within the classroom where students can interact among themselves. Here performing several activities that help students to communicate and participate in the classroom freely is the primary responsibility of the teacher.

Secondly, teachers must participate in this interaction process as independent participants to maintain a healthy environment. Such practice helps students to promote an environment where students can learn through their mistakes and feel free to ask a question whenever they get stuck.

Role Of Learners in The Entire Learning Process

Source – Pexels

For successful implementation of the CLT technique, student participation is equally crucial. It is essential that students are promoted to form small groups among themselves and indulge in the practice sessions. This technique also demands a supportive environment that promotes learning through self mistakes as well as of others. Such an environment facilitates time and successfully completing the assignments assigned to each and every group member. 

Actively participating in interactive conversations with the educators as well as their teammates are some of the other primary responsibilities of the students. The positive attitude of the students, as well as other learners, will be helpful in establishing a healthy learning environment in the classroom.

Way Forward:

The core idea of this blog was to cover the entire information regarding the CLT technique and evaluate the roles of students as well as the learner to create a productive learning environment. Also, the above data and information will act as an assignment helper and guide you in writing an excellent assignment on CLT.

Communicative competence refers to the ability to recognize and use languages effectively in order to communicate in real-time school environments. Such skills basically comprise specific approaches, including linguistics (vocabulary, language conventions like grammar, punctuation, and spellings), strategic, and socio-linguistics skills. It is crucial for students to learn the social rules of the languages, including formalities, politeness, and directness. There are many ways to promote such communicative competence among the students. The entire idea of communicative language teaching reflects the urgency of practical learning and the outcomes that arise out of such procedures. Such an innovative process equally focuses on vocal (paralinguistic phenomena) as well as on the non-vocal phenomena that are among the most crucial elements for effective communication.

The modern education system does provide an opportunity for students to efficiently reflect on their strengths in front of the group and learn freely from their mistakes.

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