The Kothari Commission was an ad hoc commission formed by the Government of India under the Chairmanship of Daulat Singh Kothari on 14 July 1964 and dissolved on 29 June 1966. He was the chairman of the University Grants Commissions (UGC) when the Kothari Commission was formed. The Commission consisted of twenty members who were experts in the education domain and based out of the UK, USA, Japan, Sweden, and France.
The Title of Kothari Commission
The Kothari Commission (1964-66) proposed its report in 1966, under the sub-title of ‘Education for National Development.
Objectives of the Kothari Commission (1964-66)
The main objectives of the Kothari Commission (1964-66) were as follows:
- Provision of guidelines and policies for education development in India.
- Evolution and finding of a general education pattern in India.
- Examination of every aspect and domain of the Indian education system.
Educational Structure as Per Kothari Commission 1964-66
The educational structure suggested by the Kothari Commission (1964-66) is as follows.
Free and Compulsory Education
The Kothari Commission put forward the need for free education for all children up to the age of 14. It emphasized the need for education up to a certain age.
The Kothari Commission focused on the need for education that makes individuals ready for the work front so that they can have a secure career. It suggested that work experience must be made mandatory.
Stages of Education
It structured the education system as pre-school stage (1-3 years), primary education stage (4-8 years), lower secondary education stage, higher secondary education stage, and higher education stage.
Two Types of Secondary Schools
The Commission suggested two types of secondary schools – the high school (10 years course), and the higher secondary school (11 or 12 years course).
Use of Regional Languages
The Commission suggested the use of regional languages as the medium of language for teaching for all stages of education.
The Commission also suggested that part-time education must be offered at a large scale at lower and higher secondary stages of education.
Improvement of Infrastructure
The Commission suggested schools and educational institutions facilitate better infrastructure and establish Libraries.
The Kothari Commission redefined education by restating its objectives and focusing on how education can influence and positively impact social and national issues and aspects.