Diversity means a combination of different social backgrounds, races, cultures, ethnicity, gender, religion, and different languages. Diversity is seen in the classroom too. Diversity in the classroom may even be related to the varying intellectual abilities and social skills of the students. Having diversity in the classroom helps students understand each other’s culture, language, ethnicity, religion, etc. Through diversity, a new perspective will be brought into the classroom. India is a diverse nation where people belonging to different religions, cultures, social backgrounds, and the like reside. It is a secular nation.
Demands of Diverse Social Groups Towards Education
The demands placed by diverse social groups towards education are as follows:
Inclusion in Education
Diverse social groups demand inclusive education that facilitates a learning environment where people belonging to all kinds of social backgrounds are treated equally.
Acceptance of Diversity
Diverse social groups demand acceptance of diversity to eliminate the discrimination of any individual occurring based on any social criteria.
They demand the provision and implementation of a specialized curriculum that fosters their cultural growth and suits their preferences.
They demand the inclusion of their mother tongue as the medium of teaching so that they can gain a better and clearer comprehension of what is being taught.
They also demand the provision of adequate facilities such as sufficient learning resources, teaching staff, proper infrastructure, and more for their successful overall development.
Problems of Diverse Social Groups Towards Education
Despite India being a secular state, there are a few challenges of diversity existing in the classroom which are as follows:
Clash of opinions
As students will have different values and beliefs, there might be disagreement among the students regarding their ideas and opinions. This may cause difficulty to the teachers in continuing with the class effectively.
The techniques and methods a teacher may use to teach in the class may be liked by one and disliked by another. A teacher is responsible for making each student satisfied with his/her teaching while not hurting the sentiments of any student.
Difficult in promoting teamwork
Due to the student’s differences in opinions and beliefs, it may get difficult for the teacher to make the students work as a team and give them group activities.
Observance of holidays
In India, there are many religions, and observing a holiday for every festival and every religious event is difficult so it may cause a conflict when holidays are being observed in schools.
The language that should be used in the classroom may also cause some conflicts as there may be learners who speak different languages.
Different Learning Styles
Learners may have different learning styles and not everyone may be able to learn in the same way. Some may be good at listening while some may be good at writing and this can cause a conflict.
The difference in Interests
In a classroom, there is no guarantee that all learners will be interested in the same subject. They may have different preferences and interests so not all learners may be able to pay the same level of attention and deliver a good academic performance.
Diversity in the classroom will help students learn from each other as well as help the students in their personal development. For a teacher to teach effectively and for students to work as a team, understanding each other in every aspect is essential. This will lead to healthy relationships among the classmates and a good atmosphere in the classroom.