Education refers to the process of facilitating the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, moral values, beliefs, habits, learning, and personal development. Education is compulsory for individuals of a certain age in many countries. Educational methods consist of teaching, learning, training, discussion, directed research, storytelling, and more.
Education is an individual’s dynamic force and plays a highly influential role in a person’s mental, emotional, social, physical, creative, spiritual, and ethical development. It helps an individual to go through various experiences and implement these experiences in creating a meaningful life. According to John Dewey,
“Education is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfil his responsibilities.”John Dewey
The Scope of Education
The scope of education is as follows:
Acquisition of Knowledge
Education fosters the acquisition of new knowledge and skills required for individuals to develop successfully.
Education helps in the development and improvement of various areas of an individual which is required to help them become a responsible member of the society and contribute successfully to the same.
Individuals must be adept at various life skills for which learning various subjects and getting an education is necessary so that they can grow up to be self-sufficient individuals.
Individuals need to find a job so that they can earn a living which is possible when they get an education that prepares them to enter the work front and secure their careers.
Education is necessary for the development of moral and ethical values. It enables individuals to differentiate the good from the bad and enables them to have a positive perspective of the world and life.
Education helps individuals lead a stable and secure life where they can find jobs that entertain their skills so that they can have a secure future ahead of them.
Education is necessary for enabling individuals to become better citizens of the world and contribute to society.
According to the Dictionary of Education (C.V. Good, 1973), education is the,
“The aggregate of all the processes by which a person develops abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of practical values in the society in which s/he lives; the social process by which people are subjected to the influence of selected and controlled environment (especially that of the school), so that they may obtain social competence and optimum individual development”.