Back to: Contemporary India and Education-Unit 1
Education refers to the process of facilitating the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, moral values, beliefs, habits, learning, and personal development. Education is compulsory for individuals of a certain age in many countries. Educational methods consist of teaching, learning, training, discussion, directed research, storytelling, and more. Education is an individual’s dynamic force and plays a highly influential role in a person’s mental, emotional, social, physical, creative, spiritual, and ethical development. It helps an individual to go through various experiences and implement these experiences in creating a meaningful life.
Definition of Education by Different Authors
“Education means the bring out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the mind of every man.”
“Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment it develops in the body and in the soul of the student all the beauty and all the perfection which he capable of.”
“Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body it develop men faculty especially his mind so that he may be able to enjoy the implementation of supreme court goodness and beauty of which perfect happiness essentially consist.”
- John Dewey
“Education is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfil his responsibilities.
“Education of man comments at his birth before he can speak, before he can understand he is already instructed. Experience is the forerunner of precept.”
- Friedrich William Froebel
“Education is enfolded of what is already faltered in the germ. It is the process through which the child makes the internal-external.”
- Dictionary of Education (C.V. Good, 1973)
“The aggregate of all the processes by which a person develops abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of practical values in the society in which s/he lives; the social process by which people are subjected to the influence of selected and controlled environment (especially that of the school), so that they may obtain social competence and optimum individual development”.
- Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)
“Education is the manifestation of the divine perfection, already existing in man”.
- Rabindranath Tagore
“The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in harmony with all existence.”
- Indian professor Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
“Education according to Indian tradition is not merely a means of earning a living; nor is it only a nursery of thought or a school for citizenship. It is initiation into the life of spirit and training of human souls in the pursuit of truth and the practice of virtue.”
There is no accepted definition of education because different philosophers and authors perceive it differently. Nonetheless, they all agree that education is necessary for the successful development of an individual.