In India, there are still many societies where a patriarchal system is prevalent. The SRB or sex ratio at birth accounts for an estimated 896: 1000 for females and males respectively. The difference in this ratio is not a normal occurrence mainly due to the societies following patriarchy even in the modern age. In the past few decades, the government has paid more attention to the life of a girl child and various schemes have been developed and implemented to foster the welfare of the girl child.
The most important schemes related to the welfare of the girl child are as follows.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
This scheme was launched by the government on January 22, 2015, in Haryana. The main aim of this scheme is to prevent the girl child from getting aborted and to give them universal access to education. The scheme was a collaboration between the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development, and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
CBSE Udaan Scheme
This scheme is a collaboration between CBSE and the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Indian Government. It aims to increase women’s enrolment in prestigious academic institutions across India.
Balika Samriddhi Yojana
This scheme is a scholarship initiative to offer financial aid to girls who come from poor economic backgrounds. The main aim is to improve the social status and enrolment of girls in schools.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
The scheme is also known as Women Child Prosperity Account and has been created as a savings program for parents of girls. Its main aim is to reduce the issues of dowry and marriage costs prevalent in India.
Ladli Scheme and the Kanya Kosh Scheme
Haryana was reported to have one of the worst birth sex ratios in 2011 accounting for 834 girls for 1000 people. This scheme was developed to offer a financial reward of Rs. 5000/- per year to parents who give birth to a girl child after August 2005.
National Scheme of Incentive for the Girls of Secondary Education
This scheme aims to enable girls coming from a deprived financial background to complete their secondary education.
Ladli Laxmi Yojana of Madhya Pradesh
The main aim of this scheme is to improve the girls’ health and educational development. It also aims to decrease female foeticide.
Karnataka Bhagyashree Scheme
The scheme offers financial aid to the girl child by offering healthcare coverage and aims to increase the birth of girls.
Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme from the Government of Maharashtra
This scheme offers financial aid to families of girl children and aims to improve their living conditions.
The Chief Minister’s Girl Child Protection Scheme of Tamil Nadu
The scheme deposits a sum of Rs. 50,000/- to the family with one girl child and encourages the prevention of gender equality. It fosters women’s empowerment.
These schemes introduced for promoting the welfare of the girl child have been highly beneficial and growth to improve the development of girls in the country.