RMSA (Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. Further) translates to the National Mission for Secondary Education. This mission was an initiative taken by the Central Government of India to further the main purpose of launching and providing secondary education in Indian primary schools. The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is a scheme that has been launched by the Government of India to improve the quality of education in schools in India. It was announced in the budget for 2011-12 and was formally launched on 11 August 2012. The scheme aims to achieve the target of providing quality education to every child, particularly in rural areas. The scheme will provide financial assistance to the States for various purposes.
This mission was successfully implemented from 2009 to 2010. It stresses the need to facilitate proper educational conditions for efficient growth, development, and equity for all students. The mission also focuses on the following:
- Multidimensional research
- Technical consulting
- Various implementations
- Funding support
Objectives of RMSA
The main objectives of RMSA are as follows:
- To ensure the enhancement of the quality of secondary education
- To accelerate the total rate of enrollment to 75% in five years (in the year 2009–2014) from 52% (in the year 2005–2006)
Need and Importance of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
The need and importance of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) are as follows:
To improve the quality of education, there was an inclusion of environmental education and science laboratories in schools. RMSA also focuses on promoting the central sponsorship schemes facilitated by the population education project, international mathematics, and science Olympiads. in-service training for the teachers, infrastructure, and research inputs is also facilitated by the state governments.
Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC)
It facilitates the inclusion of components that foster the convergence with integrated child development services so that early interventions like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) can be implemented at the elementary level, and special schools.
Access and Equity
RMSA not only focuses on the provision of secondary education to the special focus groups but also stresses the removal of the existing disparities in the secondary level of education related to socio-economic and gender background. Special groups refer to scheduled tribes and scheduled caste groups, minority girls, and CWSN children. They are also referred to as the vulnerable/ disadvantaged group. Many other strategies were implemented to provide free access to secondary education.
Information Communication Technologies (ICT)
Due to the growing demand in IT, much emphasis is laid upon ITC. Components of the ICT scheme in school include funding support towards computer education plans, digitization using audio and video cassettes by partnering with NGOs, improvement, and reorientation of the staff, and effective management of Internet-based education.
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) emphasizes the provision of universal education for all children between the ages of 15 and 16. The funding for the same is provided through state governments from the Central Ministry by establishing separate agencies for its implementation. The total budget provided for the same during the XI Five Year Plan (2002-2007) was ₹2,012 billion.
In 2018, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan along with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was disintegrated to form Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan.