Back to: Contemporary India and Education – Unit 4
RMSA (Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. Further) translates to the National Mission for Secondary Education. This mission was an initiative taken by the Central Government of India to further the main purpose of launching and providing secondary education in Indian primary schools.
This mission was successfully implemented from 2009 to 2010. It stresses the need to facilitate proper educational conditions for efficient growth, development, and equity for all students. The mission also focuses on the following:
- Multidimensional research
- Technical consulting
- Various implementations
- Funding support
Objectives of RMSA
The main objectives of RMSA are as follows:
- To ensure the enhancement of the quality of secondary education
- To accelerate the total rate of enrollment to 75% in five years (in the year 2009–2014) from 52% (in the year 2005–2006)
Aims of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
The main aims of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) are as follows:
Improve the Quality of Education
The mission aims to improve the overall quality of education that is administered at the secondary level. Achieving this aim is possible by enabling all secondary schools to conform to all the norms that are prescribed by the authority.
Remove Barriers in Education
The mission also aims to remove barriers existing in education such as gender, socio-economic and disability. These barriers lead to social prejudice which obstructs and hampers the process of widening and broadening one’s mindset.
Universal Access to Secondary Education
The mission also aimed to provide universal access to secondary level education by 2017 (which is the XII Five Year Plan).
Universal Retention of Students
The mission not only focused on the universal enrolment of students but also stressed the universal retention of students by the year 2020.
Apart from these major aims, the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) also emphasizes the provision of universal education for all children between the ages of 15 and 16. The funding for the same is provided through state governments from the Central Ministry by establishing separate agencies for its implementation. The total budget provided for the same during the XI Five Year Plan (2002-2007) was ₹2,012 billion.
In 2018, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan along with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was disintegrated to form Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan.