The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme was launched by the government on January 22, 2015, in Haryana. The main aim of this scheme is to prevent the girl child from getting aborted and to give them universal access to education. The scheme was a collaboration between the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development, and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Aims and Objectives of the Scheme
The main aims and objectives of the scheme are as follows:
To Encourage Women’s Participation
It ensures that every girl child gains access to universal education.
To Safeguard Girl Child
The scheme safeguards the girl child against practices such as female infanticide and foeticide.
To Encourage Community Participation
It encourages community participation to promote the welfare of the girl child.
To Promote Women’s Education
It aims to increase the literacy rate of girls and women across the country.
To Bring Societal Change
It trains government authorities and employees to bring positive societal change.
To Prevent Child Marriage
The scenes prevent child marriage of girls thereby safeguarding them from physical, mental, and domestic harassment.
To Reduce Gender Inequality
It aims to remove gender equality from the Indian society through financial and educational aid to families of the girl child
Eligibility of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme
The eligibility of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme are as follows:
- The family must have a girl child who is below 10 years of age.
- The family should have opened a Sukanya Samriddhi Account in any Indian bank in the girl child’s name.
- The girl child should have Indian citizenship.
In India, there are still many societies where a patriarchal system is prevalent. The SRB or sex ratio at birth accounts for an estimated 896: 1000 for females and males respectively. The difference in this ratio is not a normal occurrence mainly due to the societies following patriarchy even in the modern age. In the past few decades, the government has paid more attention to the life of a girl child and various schemes have been developed and implemented to foster the welfare of the girl child. The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme mainly aims to foster and encourage the promotion of the welfare of the girl child across the country.