The central government has started paying more attention to education after independence. It finances central educational institutions, offers scholarships to students, offers stipends, and more.
The role of the central government in education and professional preparation are as follows:
Indian Constitution has universalized access to education all across the country so the central government should ensure the provision of the same.
The central government must fund and provide financial aid to educational institutions all across the country.
The central government must ensure that there are adequate learning resources and materials in the classroom.
Equality of Opportunity
The central government must offer equality of opportunity to every citizen in terms of education and employment as well.
Appointment of teachers
The central government must recruit and appoint trained teachers who are qualified so that education can be of high quality.
Free and Compulsory Education
Indian Constitution states the provision of free and compulsory education to every child up to the age of 14 and therefore, the central government must ensure this is being followed all around the country.
The central government must also aid educational institutions in framing a syllabus and curriculum that promotes their culture and is child friendly.
Some initiatives taken by the central government for education are as follows.
The Kothari Commission (1964)
The Kothari Commission was an ad hoc commission formed by the Government of India under the Chairmanship of Daulat Singh Kothari on 14 July 1964 and dissolved on 29 June 1966. He was the chairman of the University Grants Commissions (UGC) when the Kothari Commission was formed. The Commission consisted of twenty members who were experts in the education domain and based out of the UK, USA, Japan, Sweden, and France.
National Policy of Education (1986)
The main goal of NPE was to universalize elementary education through facilities such as quality education, trained teachers, adequate teaching and learning materials. It also took steps to remove inequality and discrimination based on social criteria.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a flagship program started by the government of India in 2001. It was developed to achieve the Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE). The provision of legal backing for SSA occurred when the Indian Constitution under Article 21 A, made free and compulsory education for the children in the age group of 6-14 a fundamental right in. In a time-bound manner, SSA aims to fulfill the objectives of this fundamental right. It is anchored by The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India (GoI) and has been operational since 2000-2001.
Right to Education Act (RTE), 2009
The Right to Education Act (RTE) is enacted to make the right to education a fundamental right in the country. It marks a watershed in the Indian education system and that is why it is essential legislation. In August 2009, Parliament passed the act and came into force in 2010. Following this, India became one among the 135 countries that have made education a fundamental right of every child.
In recent years, the responsibilities and obligations of the central government in the field of education have increased.