Implications of Universalisation of Secondary Education for Teacher Education 

Education is an individual’s dynamic force and plays a highly influential role in a person’s mental, emotional, social, physical, creative, spiritual, and ethical development. It helps an individual to go through various experiences and implement these experiences in creating a meaningful life. According to Plato, “Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment; it develops in the body and in the soul of the student all the beauty and all the perfection which he is capable of.” According to Article 45 of the Directive Principles of State Policy,

“The State shall endeavour to provide, within ten years from the commencement of the Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they attain the age of 14 years.”

Universalization of secondary education involves the expansion of schools currently in existence. It strives to establish new schools and educational institutions not only in urban areas but in rural areas too. The government seeks to invest and contribute to the educational development of learners.  This ensures the generation of more human capital in the future which is necessary for the social and economic growth of the nation. Universal Elementary Education (UEE) and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) are some of the major steps taken by the government to facilitate the universalization of secondary education.

The implications of universalization of secondary education for teacher education are as follows:

Trained Teachers

In the current teaching scenarios, teachers must hold a qualified teaching degree if they want to pursue the profession so that they can increase the quality of the teaching-learning process.


Teachers should motivate the learners to develop an interest in learning by making the lessons creative and teaching the same engagingly.


Teachers should also possess a certain amount of influential characteristics so that they can influence the learners to continue learning and develop good ethics and values.


In a classroom, teachers have to manage numerous students at once. To ensure they can manage the class properly, they must develop leadership skills.


Teachers need to understand that the cognitive skills of every learner may differ and that is why they need to adopt teaching strategies that can cater to all levels of understanding.


Teachers must ensure to offer quality education to foster the universalisation of secondary education by ensuring that they can teach lessons creatively.


It is the responsibility of a teacher to make sure that learners are attending their class every day and if they are absent, they must seek to find out the reason.

Teachers are responsible for the universalization of secondary education to a huge extent which gives them a significant role to perform. The educational implications mentioned above must be taken care of by every teacher if they want to facilitate quality education and in consequence, facilitate the Universalisation of Secondary Education.

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