National Policy for Persons with Disabilities 2006 with Reference to Inclusive Education B.Ed Notes
The National Policy for Persons with Disability was formed on 10 February 2006. This policy deals with Physical, Educational & Economic Rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. It comes under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The policy was formed to ensure the welfare and rights of disabled persons in the society.
“The motive of this policy was to ensure and enhance the inclusive education and equal rights for everyone as said in our constitution”.
The National Policy was developed in 2006 to treat the disabled persons equally as other people. The policy was initiated to give equal rights and social justice for disability persons to live a dignified life. The disabled persons should be provided with equal opportunities and have full participation in the society. Persons with disability should be allowed to access all public places like any other people.
Understanding the Term “Inclusion”
Inclusion means the state of being included. The term is understood as including everyone by giving equal access and opportunities to all without any discrimination whether it is based on their gender, race, ability, or sexuality. It is the act of meeting the academic and social needs of all students regardless of how or who they are. Those children with disability and those without have equal rights of education. It creates a barrier free environment in schools by including all students and providing equal opportunities to everyone.
Definitions of Inclusive Education
1). According to United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF),
“Inclusive education is the most effective way to give all children a fair chance to go to school, learn and develop the skills they need to thrive.”
2). According to Stephan and Blackhurst,
“Inclusive Education is a set of values, principles and practices that seeks more effective and meaningful education for all students, regardless of whether they have exceptionality labels or not.”
3). According to M. Manivannan,
“Inclusive Education implies bringing together the educational needs of the normal children and the educational requirements of the children with special needs, so as to evolve a common curriculum with a view to provide education to all in regular schools itself. It is a flexible and individualised support system for children and young people with special educational needs. It provides an integral component of the overall education system and is provided in regular schools committed in an appropriate education for all.”
4). According to Advani and Chadha,
“Inclusive Education describes the restructuring of special education to permit all or most students to be integrated in mainstream classes through reorganisation and instruction innovations (e.g., cooperative learning, collaborative consultation and team teaching)”.
National Policy of Inclusive Education
The National Policy aimed to make education for disabled children more inclusive and accessible. It focused to provide special education and support for children with learning difficulties. The policy gives the right of education to students with disability and supports inclusive education to meet the needs of all learners. All facilities available in the school should be accessible by disabled students as well such as buildings, playgrounds, libraries, laboratories, toilets, etc. The policy gives the right of education to students with disability and supports inclusive education to meet the needs of all learners.
The National Policy recognises disabled persons as valuable human resources for the country and seeks to create an environment that provides them equal opportunities, protection of their rights and full participation in society.